LAND SURVEYS AND SUBDIVISIONS
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Surveying is the solid foundation upon which all that follows in project design and engineering relies.
DEFINITION OF LAND SURVEYING
WHAT IS A LAND SURVEY?
The art, science, and technology of detecting the relative position of points at, above, or below the surface of the earth; or establishing such points
The art, science, and technology of gathering and analyzing measurement data related to the land and other land-related surfaces and spaces, to include designing and devising the measurement specifications and stands to accomplish these measurements with the desired precision and accuracy and error control and adjustment, including the use of all instrumentation applicable to such measurements, said measurements typically being, but not limited to distances, heights, angles, directions, positions, areas, volumes, and other measurements associated with these quantities.
A land survey is locating, measuring, marking, and mapping of the horizontal and vertical positions of the boundaries, corners, and improvements upon a tract of land that a deed describes upon the ground.
The correct location and monumentation of property lines and any improvements within those lines is the foundation and primary concern prior to buying and selling property, subdividing or developing land, building fences, installing utility lines, timbering, or beginning building construction or earth-moving activities.
In Pennsylvania, only Professional Land Surveyors are permitted by law to re-establish property lines, corners, and to render opinions on the correct locations.
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The application of knowledge of the science of surveying measurement, the legal principles of boundary location, the laws related to boundaries and land use, the applicable mathematical and computational theories and principles, the natural and other forces which affect positional accuracy, the land planning and development concepts pertinent to subdivision of land and property surveys, land record and land tenure concepts, geodetic and other earth-related sciences to analysis, design, and execution of surveying and mapping projects and the design of land mapping and information systems.